Normale

Espresso shot in Bodum glass cup 1

Normale, in the context of espresso, is the standard way of extracting a shot. A single shot normale is obtained by extracting approximately 1 oz of coffee, using 7 grams of ground coffee. A single is often named solo, using …

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Ristretto

Ristretto Espresso Shot

Espresso shotRistretto is a short shot of espresso coffee made with the normal amount of ground coffee but extracted with about half the amount of water. Traditionally, a ristretto is extracted using the same amount of coffee grounds and water as a normale, but reducing the time to brew it. The result is a concentrated espresso with a different flavor and taste profile, and slightly lower caffeine content.

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Lungo

Espresso Lungo

Lungo is the name for an espresso beverage made by prolonging the extraction time, compared to the normale, which is the standard extraction for espresso. Lungo is the Italian word for long. A normale takes approximately 25 to 30 seconds …

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Total dissolved solids

Total Dissolved Solids (often abbreviated TDS) is a measure of the combined content of all inorganic and organic substances contained in a liquid in: molecular, ionized or micro-granular suspended form. Generally the operational definition is that the solids must be …

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Coffee extraction

French Press and Kruve

Extraction in the context of coffee brewing, is the process of dissolving soluble solids and emulsifying aromatic oils in water. Coffee extraction is a precise process, and there are a few parameters that will determine the taste, aroma, and strength …

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coffee grind size

Coffee ground with a blade grinder

What Is Coffee Grind Size? Grind size is an important factor in coffee preparation, and it refers to the how fine or coarse the coffee bean is ground in order to prepare the coffee beverage. What Is the Coffee Grind Size …

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coffee roasting

Coffee Roasting

Roasting, in general, is a cooking method that uses dry heat, whether an open flame, oven, or other heat source. Roasting can enhance flavor through caramelization and Maillard browning on the surface of the food. Roasting coffee transforms the chemical …

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coffee beans

Roasted Oily Coffee Beans

A coffee bean is the seed of the coffee plant. The roasted and ground seeds of the Coffea plants are used to brew coffee. The coffee cherry contains two pits with a flat side and a round side. The fruits …

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Specialty coffee

Coffee Cup and Beans

“Specialty coffee” was first used in 1974 by Erna Knutsen in an issue of Tea & Coffee Trade Journal. Knutsen used this term to describe beans of the best flavor which are produced in special microclimates. Specialty coffee is the …

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Arabica coffee

Coffee Cherry

Coffea arabica is a species of Coffea indigenous to the forests of the southwestern highlands of Ethiopia. Coffea Arabica is also known as the coffee shrub of Arabia, or Arabica coffee. Arabica coffee is believed to be the first cultivated species …

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Robusta coffee

Robusta coffee

Robusta coffee, also known as Coffea canephora or Coffea robusta, is a variety of coffee plant, with its origins in central and western sub-Saharan Africa. It is a species of flowering plant in the Rubiaceae family. Though widely known as Coffea robusta, the …

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Espresso

Espresso shot

Pulling espresso shot with naked portafilterWhat Is Espresso?

Espresso is a rich, concentrated coffee drink. The standard serving, a shot, is brewed by forcing pressurized hot water through finely ground coffee beans.

Espresso has a thicker consistency than coffee prepared by other brewing methods. It has a higher concentration of suspended and dissolved solids and crema.

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Drip Coffee

Brewing Method Drip Coffee, or filtered coffee, is a method which involves pouring water over roasted, ground coffee beans contained in a filter, creating the beverage called coffee. Water seeps through the ground coffee, absorbing its oils and essences, solely …

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Cappuccino

Cappuccino Topped with Dry Milk Foam

A cappuccino, is an Italian coffee drink traditionally prepared with espresso, hot milk, and steamed-milk foam. Istituto Nazionale Espresso Italiano defines cappuccino as a beverage prepared with 25 ml espresso, and 100 ml steam-foamed milk. In coffee shops in North …

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Turkish coffee

Turkish coffee is a method of preparing coffee. This coffee brewing method is found in the Middle East, North Africa, the Caucasus, and the Balkans. Although the method is named the same, the recipe has slight variations that modify the grind …

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Coffea

Coffea Flowers

Coffea is a genus of flowering plants whose seeds, called coffee beans, are used to make coffee. It is a member of the Rubiaceae family. They are shrubs or small trees native to tropical and southern Africa and tropical Asia. …

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coffee preparation

Pulling two espresso shots

Coffee brewing refers to the preparation of the coffee beverage. There are many coffee brewing methods, and the extraction method can be different for these methods. Strictly speaking, the coffee brewing operation is when the coffee is extracted from the …

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coffee

Drip Coffee in Paper Cup with lid
Freshly Brewed French Press Coffee
Photo by Christy via Flickr.

Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans. The coffee beans are in fact the seeds of the Coffea plant berries and they are also referred to as coffee. Green (unroasted) coffee is one of the most traded agricultural commodities in the world. The most used species are Coffea arabica, and Coffea canephora, (robusta). 

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French press

The Best Stainless Steel French Press

el-gato-malo-transparent-backroundWhat Is a French Press?

The French press is a simple coffee maker, consisting of a brewing recipient and a filter-plunger. The brewing recipient can be made of glass, or stainless steel, or ceramic. The plunger has a screen filter attached at the bottom and is used to separate the coffee grounds from the brew. The screen is made from stainless steel, or sometimes from plastic.

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