Rancilio is an espresso machine manufacturer, founded in 1927 by Roberto Rancilio in Parabiago, Milan, Italy. Rancilio would become best known for its innovative distribution networks, effective use of industrial design and reputable reliability. Rancilio’s earliest well-known machine was ‘La Regina’ – a vertical boiler machine, similar to the original Bezzera and Victoria Arduino devices in function and gilded ‘Belle Epoque’ styling.

In 1950, Rancilio released a horizonal espresso machine called the Invicta Horizzontal. As with the entire coffee industry, Rancilio was keenly affected by World War II. This machine was representative of the post war modern styling. However, the forced steam method of the early 20th century  had become outdated but was still used by Rancilio for the Invicta. Shortly after the release of the Invicta, Rancilio upgraded to lever piston technology that was introduced to the market by Gaggia.

Rancilio machines were notably interesting for their design. Industrial designer Marco Zanuso was responsible for the design of several Rancilio machines in their Z series that were popular in the 1970s. The Rancilio Z machines were subsequently replaced by the S series, which enjoyed great popularity in the 1990s and at the turn of the 21st century.

In 2013, Rancilio was acquired by the Ali Group investment fund.